Bodrum is located on the most South-West bank of Turkey, one hour’s sail north off the Greek island of Cos and just west of the breathtaking bay of Hisarönü. The city is a truly a sight to behold what with its beautiful traditional architecture, welcoming atmosphere, and its overall exclusive style.
Besides being a melting pot for foreign culture seekers from all over the world, Bodrum is moreover steadily becoming the holiday destination of choice for Turkish residents throughout the country. However, the abundance of vibrant nightlife and fine boutiques entwined in beautiful natural surroundings make it the ideal place for outsiders to catch a glimpse of Turkey’s rural lifestyle whilst at the same time enjoying the high class that this city provides.
Bodrum sports a number of great historical landmarks. In the ancient world it was home to one of the seven wonders of the world: the Tomb of King Mausolus ( now simply called the Mausoleum ), small remnants of which are still visible
St. Peters Castle.
This sturdy fortress is one of the world's best preserved monuments from medieval times. It stands in the center of the Bodrum bay as a solid testament to the Bodrum area as a place worth defending. It was built by the Knights of St. John, a group of European expatriates in the 14th century.
The castle now serves as a museum for underwater findings from several recent shipwreck excavations. In fact, it is the most prominent nautical archaeological museum in all of Turkey.The castle inner garden is home to a vast selection of plant life that represents nearly every plant and tree of the Mediterranean region.
The city Marmaris is situated in an enclosed bay, close to where the Mediterranean and Aegean sea meet.
Caunos and Dalyan
The ancient city of Caunos (antique name) with its well preserved amphitheatre and many elaborate Lycian rock tombs crafted into the faces of distant cliffs, is renound as one of the greatest of all archaeological sites in Turkey.
The Dorian harbour city of Knidos, one of the most important historical settlements on the West Anatolian coast. The impressive settlement, the ruins of which can be marvelled at nowadays, dates back to the 4th century BC and it is said that even the apostel Paulus spent time here on his journey from Palestine to Rome.
Göcek is a moderate township located on the northern shore of the Gulf of Fethiye, at a distance of 14 miles from Dalaman International Airport, between Dalyan and Fethiye. It is an important center of tourism. The area is filled with quiet, unspoilt coves with lush green pine forests that spill down to the warm turquoise waters.Göcek too bears traces of ancient civilizations. The partly submerged ruin of Batıkhamam, or ‘sunken hamam’ is actually referred to by the locals as Cleopatra’s Bath.
Fethiye is situated 84 miles southeast of Marmaris, and has an outstanding and busy marina. The city is partially known for its rock tombs carved into the faces of the cliffs by the Lycians. These are similar to those found in Caunos. One of the tombs found here belongs to former Macedonian King Amnytas. Other historical sites to be found in Fethiye include the Fethiye Tower and numerous Sarcophagi, said to date back to 400 BC.
Together with Kalkan, Üçağız and Kaş, this stretch of coast lies in the region roughly between Fethiye and Antalya, and is superfluous in amazing and historic sights. Stops along this route can include the Lycian cities Limyra and Arikanda. Here you can visit the Pericles mausoleum from the 4th century BC. decorated with caryatids (columns or pillars sculpted in the form of female figures, serving as ornamental supports), a magnificent example of ancient art. Arikanda is high up on a mountain a little further inland, allowing you to overlook one of Turkeys most beautiful valleys. Sights here include a gymnasium, numerous baths, the Agora Theatre, water systems, scattered sarcophagi, and the bouleuterion stadium ( or old senate building ).
Located between the Turkish cities Kusadasi and Izmir lies the ancient Greek-Roman city of Ephesus, the largest and most well kept ancient cities of Turkey and possibly the world. Amongst the spectacular sights that remain are entire streets, fountains, houses, theatres, temples, and even the huge library of which the façade and walls still stand. Also, a second of the seven wonders of the ancient world once stood majestically in the midst of this city… The grand Temple of Artemis.
Hamam - The Turkish Bath and its history
One of the most pleasurable and invigorating experiences of a visit to Turkey is the Hamam, or Turkish bath. In the past the Hamam was more than a place for cleansing. It was a social meeting place for both men and women alike.